Saturday

GHUSAL AND SELF-BEAUTIFICATION ON EID

(A) It is recommended to take a bath on the morning of Eid. Nafi` reported that:

"`Abdullah Bin `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to take ghusl (bath) on the day of Fitr before proceeding to the musalla (prayer place)."

Sa'eed Bin al-Musayyib said:

"There are three sunnahs for Fitr: walking to the musalla, eating before you go, and performing ghusl."

Imam Ibn Qudamah said:

"It is recommended to perform ghusl for Eid. Ibn `Umar would perform ghusl on the day of Fitr; and `Ali is reported to have done so as well. This is also the opinion of `Alqamah, `Urwah, `Ata', an-Nakh`i, ash-Shi`bi, Qatadah, Abu az-Zinad, Malik, ash-Shafi`i, and Ibnul-Munthir."

The reports regarding Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) performing ghusl for the Eid or commanding people to perform it are all weak.
(B)
It is also recommended to dress and adorn oneself for the occasion of the Eid. Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

"`Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) saw a silk cloak in the market; he took it to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him), and said, 'O Allah's Messenger, buy this and adorn yourself with it during the Eid and when the delegations visit you.' Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) replied, This dress is for those who have no good share (in the Hereafter).

After a period of time, Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) sent a cloak of silk brocade to Umar. Umar came to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) with the cloak and said, 'Allah's Messenger! You said that this dress was for those who had no good share (in the Hereafter), yet you sent it me!' Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, (I sent it to you) so that you may sell it or use it to fulfill your need. "

Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar said:

"The evidence derived from this Hadith is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) has approved of Umar's suggestion to beautify oneself for Eids, and only objected to wearing that kind of garment, because it was made of silk."

The great scholar, as-Sindi, deduced:

"This Hadith proves that dressing up for the Eid days was an acceptable custom among the companions, and that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not object to it, from which it is concluded that it was approved."

And Ibn Qudamah noted:

"This indicates that beautifying oneself on these occasions was common among them. Malik said, 'I heard the people of knowledge express the desirability of perfume and beautification for every Eid.'"

Furthermore, Ibnul-Qayyim said:

"The Prophet (peace be upon him) would wear his best clothes to go to the Eid prayer. He had a cloak that he wore specifically on the two Eids and Friday. Sometimes he wore green cloaks, other times he wore a lined red cloak - not solid red as some people think, but it had red lines like the Yemenite lined cloaks."

And Ibn Hajar said:

"Ibn Abu ad-Dunya and al-Bayhaqi reported, with an authentic chain of narrators, that Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) would wear his best clothes on the two Eids."

Of the beautification for the Eid (for men) is wearing kuhl, perfumes, and oils, and wearing an `amamah (turban) or a kufiyyah (simple cap). As is noted by ash-Sheikh al-Albani in Tamamul-Minnah, the Muslim men should not have their head uncovered, as is customary of the Europeans.